The EU inventory is a compilation of national inventories based on emissions reported under the EU Climate Monitoring Mechanism. Our first 2 biennial reports for 2013 and 2014, as well as in 2015 and 2016, were "snapshots" of the program`s performance to date. Since the publication of the reports, some data have been corrected by the operators and some errors detected in our participant audits. Since 2014, developed countries have also been required to report every two years ("biennial report") to improve reporting on mitigation objectives and the provision of support in national communications. As parties to the UNFCCC, its Kyoto Protocol and the Paris Agreement, the EU and its Member States are required to report to the United Nations: this publication is available under www.gov.uk/government/publications/climate-change-agreements-cca-biennial-report/climate-change-agreements-biennial-progress-report-2017-and-2018 Although this approach is easy to calculate, it does not compensate for any changes in throughput that may have occurred compared to the base year. It also corrects non-target units that have partially adhered to the system and have less than two years of data for the target period. The easiest way to calculate changes is to double the energy and emissions data in the base year and subtract the corresponding data for the target period of 2 years. This is shown in Table 2, which shows an unadjusted reduction in emissions of 6.1 million tonnes of CO2e in total. As of April 1, 2019, the CCL rebate was a 93% reduction on the electricity rate and a 78% reduction on the rate applicable to gas and other taxable products. Operators of 23 target units did not report and re-established their contracts. Nine others did not report, but were still in the system. For these 32 target units, we did not record any data. There are 53 framework contracts.

They each contain a sectoral commitment to improving energy efficiency or a carbon reduction target for the sector. . . .